Microsurgical Resection of Tuberculum Sellae Meningioma via Pterional Craniotomy with Extradural Anterior Clinoidectomy and Optic Unroofing
Microsurgical treatment of suprasellar tumors, in particular tuberculum sellae meningiomas, poses significant challenge. These tumors are surrounded by vital neurovascular structures, such as optic apparatus, pituitary stalk, internal carotid artery and its branches, and anterior cerebral arteries. In large and complex cases, early identification and decompression of these structures may facilitate safer dissection and resection. Therefore, extradural anterior clinoidectomy with optic unroofing facilitates the internal carotid artery exposure and optic nerve decompression. In this video, we describe a 37-year-old female patient who presented with new onset of severe headaches. On visual examination, she was found to have bitemporal visual defects. MRI scan of the head showed a large, approximately 3 cm suprasellar tumor consistent with tuberculum sellae meningioma. She underwent surgical resection via pterional craniotomy with extradural anterior clinoidectomy and optic unroofing. Microsurgical gross total resection was achieved and histopathology was WHO grade II meningioma. She had an uneventful postoperative course and visual field examination improved significantly. In this video, surgical technique in performing extradural anterior clinoidectomy and optic unroofing and steps of microsurgical resection are demonstrated.